How do England & Wales Stay Warm?


One of the more spatially interesting datasets on DataShine: Census is about central heating – do houses have it, and what is the fuel source? The table is QS415EW and here’s what one of the categories – proportion of houses with gas central heating – looks like on DataShine (and above). You’ll notice a distinctive pattern, with city centres and the countryside having low proportions of houses with gas central heating (yellow), while city suburbs and towns have much higher proportions (red). City centres may have these low values because they contain either very old houses (which never had it) – and/or very new houses that use more modern forms of central heating, are much more highly insulated, or are blocks of flats where gas central heating systems are perhaps considered dangerous now. In rural areas, some of these places maybe never had a connection to the gas main anyway. It’s the city suburbs, the big expansion of the 60s/70s, where gas central heating was always put in by default.

Oil central heating, being more expensive, is rare in urban areas but a practical necessity in the countryside, such as in rural Wales. Solid fuel is popular in Northumberland.

Barrow Island in the Lake District and Aberdaron in Wales are the two wards that have the highest proportion of households with no central heating at all. Many of the houses in the area at least are holiday houses, which are presumably mostly populated in the summer. It could be a bit chilly there in the winter!

See the live map on DataShine now. Change the fuel type at the No. 3 drop-down on the top right.

Published by

Oliver O'Brien

Welcome to the information blog about DataShine, showing examples and tips from the first project, DataShine: Census. If you have any comments, please let us know here, or you can find out more about the project, and the people behind it, here.

11 thoughts on “How do England & Wales Stay Warm?”

  1. Good use of this open source heating dataset. It was interesting to know why it looks like this on the map, and I agree with you that there are many very old houses in the country now that did not have gas heating at all and there are also many new houses that use more advanced methods for heating. As far as I know, a dataset is a collection of the same type of tribute, which can be stuck in the tasks of machine processing of tributes. Most often, a set of data is based on one table of the data base, or a statistical matrix of data, from the columns of the tables to one-sided values, and the skin from the rows of tables is indicative of a singing member of the set of data. The term set of dues is also used when typing dues in a series of tightly knitted tables, the image is just to describe the results of a particular experiment or an event. For a better understanding of what datasets are, I recommend watching videos on YouTube in which the authors talk about machine learning and show how to work with datasets. There are quite a few videos on this topic and I noticed that most of them have at least 22 thousand views! I am sure this is because their authors use the services of in order to wind up views for YouTube.

  2. Fantastic blog, and interesting coming from an area where most houses had gas central heating good to see that it is not as common as I thought. Regards, Alastair Majury

  3. I’m amazed that so many houses still don’t have central heating in the UK. Especially in places like the Lake District where I can imagine it gets very chilly in the winter. I think I’ve fallen into the trap of assuming that everyone has the same level of heating as myself.

  4. Really interesting that the Lake District is an area where there are so few houses without central heating – especially as it rains here more often than anywhere else in the UK!

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